Lamibe Muri

  • A GLANCE AT LAMIBE MURI -

    This piece, A glance at Lamibe Muri, is deliberately intended to briefly educate the reader on the times and genealogy of the Hammaruwa Kingdom, known today as the Muri Emirate. The scope of the work is narrowly focused on the appointments and succession of the twelve (12) Emirs that ruled Muri since its inception as a Kingdom in 1817. It will also enable the reader to know the 3rd class chiefs under the 21st Century in Muri.
    It is hoped that the simple structure of the contents will equip those of us who are not students of History with an idea of the genealogy of Lamibe Muri.


    I am indeed grateful to those whose work has helped in the production of this booklet. I am particularly indebted to Professor Abubakar Sa’ad the author of “Lamibe of Fombina” and “papers on Nigeria History”, A.H.M kirk-Greene the author of “Adamawa past and present” and also the 12th Emir of Muri; HRH Abbas Njidda Tafida whose leadership acumen, action and philosophies since ascension to the throne has greatly inspired me to produce this booklet.
    Finally, but by no means the least, my profound gratitude goes to Alhaji Sa’adu Abubakar (Late Wazirin Muri), Malama Hauwa Yerima Sanda, Professor Ahmed Usman Jalingo, Alhaji Abdullahi Wamban Muri, Late Malam Hamasani Kona, Late Barayan Muri, Justice Isa Mangaji, Late Patrick Noma Jen, Dr. Abbas Bashir Mafindi, Galadima Muri, Alhaji Tukur Abba Tukur as well as the Secretary to Muri Emirate Council, Alhaji Saidu Usman Gassol and my noble family and friends for their valuable inspiration and support.


    Misa Njidda Jan. 2007


    BRIEF HISTORY OF LAMIBE MURI 1817 – 2006
    Known in the 9th century as Hammanruwa Kingdom, the Emirate of Muri was founded in 1817 during the revolutionary movement of the Jihadist – Usman b. Fodio. Muri Emirate lies on both sides of the River Benue in North-eastern part of Nigeria with it’s modern day Headquarters at Jalingo, the capital city of Taraba State. The 1926 reorganization of Northern Nigeria provinces mapped the Muri province with it’s territorial control extended to Ibi, Wase and Shendam areas.


    The Muri Emirate has had a total of 12 Emirs inclusive of the Millennium ruler Alhaji Abbas Tafida Njidda.

    MODIBBO HAMMARUWA (1817 – 1833),Modibbo Hammaruwa, who was a younger brother to Lamido Buba Yero of Gombe and Lamido Hammadu of Tibati ( Now in Cameroun Republic), was the founder and first ruler who settled in Muri town situated on the Northern bank of River Benue presently in Karim-Lamido L.G.A of Taraba State. Lamido Hammaruwa had as at 1817 conquered the greater part of today’s Muri Emirate except Wase and Bakundi. He played great role during the Jihad of Usman Danfodio (1817 - 18) leading to the spread of Islam . He ruled for 17 years and died at Gombe in 1833.


    LAMIDO IBRAHIM b. HAMMARUWA (1833 – 1848)


    Lamido Ibrahim B. Hammaruwa succeeded his father Lamido Hammaruwa and ruled from 1833 – 1848. At about 1836, he developed a psychological problem until 1848 when he became insane and was deposed and succeeded by his elder brother Hamman b. Hammaruwa.


    LAMIDO HAMMAN b. HAMMARUWA (1848 – 1861)


    Lamido Hamman’s reign was characterized by internal wrangling involving his son Burba and his Nephew Hammadu, the son of the founder of Gassol, Bose.
    Lamido Hamman’s reign witnessed the conquering of Jibu
    by one of his Commanders called Kuso while Aliyu and Bula founded settlements in present day Bantaje and Ibi in 1885. He ruled for 13 years and was deposed in 1861 and later died at Mayo-Ranewo town of Ardo-kola L.G.A, Taraba State.


    LAMIDO HAMMADU b. BOSE b. HAMMARUWA (1861 – 1869)
    Hammadu, the son of Bose who died in 1833 along with his father Modibbo Hammaruwa at Gombe, was popularly chosen from Gassol as successor to the deposed Lamido Hamman in 1861. He lived part of his time in Muri but moving to Gassol, Sendirde and Wuriyo towns where he appointed his sons to administer the towns, while his eldest son Umaru Sanda took charge of Muri at his absence. It was at this time that, Hammadu’s cousin and an old rival, Burba went further South wards and founded Bakundi. Lamido Hammadu b. Bose ruled for 8 years and died in 1869.


    LAMIDO BURBA b. HAMMAN (1869 – 1873)

    On receiving the news on the death of Lamido Hammadu, the Caliphate in Sokoto directed that Abubakar, the son of Hammaruwa should be appointed Emir, but Muri people rejected him and instead appointed the rebellious Burba. Lamido Burba, the son of Lamido Hamman (1848-1861) was chosen from Bakundi by the Muri people.
    To consolidate his power, Burba had to grapple with the threat of Lamido Hammadu’s three sons (from Gassol, Sendirde and Wuryo) who had come to Muri town as claimants of the throne. However, four years later (1873), Gassol once again revolted and before Burba could punish them, he developed a mental problem and was deposed in 1873. When he regain soundness later, he then returned to his old home at Bakundi and remained as an independent ruler paying direct tribute to Sokoto before his death in 1892. Burba ruled Muri for four years (1869-1873)...


    LAMIDO BAKARI b. HAMMARUWA (1873 – 1874)
    Bakari (Abubakar) who was earlier (1869) nominated by the Sultan of Sokoto but rejected by the Fulbe Muri in favor of Burba was appointed to succeed his Nephew in 1873 as the sixth Lamido of Muri. Lamido Bakari ruled for seven months and died. He was succeeded by his son, Muhammadu Nya in 1874.


    LAMIDO MUHAMMADU NYA b. BAKARI (1874 – 1896)


    Muhammadu Nya popularly known as Lamido Jatau succeeded his father to become the seventh Emir of Muri in 1874. On assumption to the throne, he established friendliness with his deposed cousin Burba of Bakundi and together they combined forces to ensure proper control of Lamdo Hammadu’s sons in Gassol. Lamido Jatau was the one who signed the first treaty with the Europeans i.e. National African Company (Formerly Royal Niger Company) in 1893. apart from being the longest reigned Emir (22 years) of the 19th century Muri, Lamido Jatau had in early 1893 moved the Emirate headquarters to Jalingo (a town that had triumph) which was initially called Sangere (War Camp). Lamido Jatau died at Jalingo in June 1896 and was succeeded by his eldest son Hassan.


    LAMIDO HASSAN b. MUHAMMADU NYA (1897 – 1903)
    After the death of Lamido Jatau, the Emirate witnessed minor succession problem in that, while the army and the Karaga “supported Hassan (eldest Son), the Fulbe preferred Hamman Mafindi. However, when the then Ajiyan Muri, Njidda, threw his weight behind Hassan , the problem was resolved and Hassan become the eight Lamido of Muri. Lamido Hassan then moved to Jalingo from Mutum-Biyu, where he had settled in 1895 and was formally investitured by the Sultan in September 1897. it was during his reign that Muri was declared (1901) part of the British Protectorate of Northern Nigeria after that of Sokoto (1900), by the British High Commissioner, Fredrick D. Lugard. Lamido Hassan died at Jalingo in 1903 and was succeeded by his brother Hamman Mafindi.


    LAMIDO HAMMAN MAFINDI b. MUHAMMADU NYA (1903 – 1953)


    Hamman Mafindi who was the Tafidan Muri succeeded his brother Hassan b. Muhammadu Nya in 1903. After the death of Hassan, Mafindi moved to Jalingo from Mbanga where, he stayed after the political asylum granted him by Lamido Zubairu of Fombina (Yola). Traditional has it that he sat in silent prayers in the middle of the Mosque, conspicuous to all but conversing with none, until the council members became so anxious about the act and appointed him to the throne and was later installed at Lau. After about seven years (1903-1910) of ruler ship, Mafindi moved the Emirate headquarters from Lau to Mutum Biyu and appointed his eldest son, Madu as Danburam to oversee Jalingo District.
    Lamido Mafindi’s time saw the expansion of commercial activities and education (establishment of the First Primary School (Muhammadu Nya) in 1926), external relations, discipline and the reorganization and or creation of more districts e.g. the transfer of Sansani District to Gassol from Ibi Division in 1912. in addition to being the longest serving ruler (1903-53) of the 20th Century Muri, he was also the first to receive the C.B.E (1931) and C.M.G. (1946) awards for his notable services as recognized by the Colonial Masters https://1903 – 1953 Muhammadu Mafindi dan Muhammadu Nya [[1]](Honorary Knight Commander of the Order of the British Empire, Awarded by King George V ) (b. 1868 – d. *1953)https://www.mafindi.com named after him/wiki/1931_New_Year_Honours.He died and was succeeded by his younger brother Muhammadu Tukur in 1953.


    LAMIDO MUHAMMADU TUKUR b. NYA (1953 –1965)
    Tukur who was the district head of Wurkum (Karim Lamido) since inception, succeeded his brother, Mafindi, to become the tenth Emir in 1953. He introduced certain reforms and projects aimed at developing Muri. Lamido Tukur’s time saw the era of politics in which indigenes of Muri Secured representatives positions and appointments in the Regional and Central Government of Nigeria. He has worked towards building on what his predecessor has founded particularly in commerce and education. The first general hospital (now Federal Medical Centre), Jalingo was establish during his tutelage of Muri in 1963.


    LAMIDO UMARU ABBA b. MUHAMMADU TUKUR MFR (1965 – 1986)
    After the death of Tukur, his son who was then Parliamentary Minister in the Northern Nigeria Government of Sir Ahmadu Bello (Sardauna Sokoto) was appointed as the eleventh Emir of Muri in 1965. His time saw the establishment of more schools, hospitals, commercial activities, the creation of Local Government within the Emirate and upgrading of same to first class status in 1983, as well as the attainment for the first time of a governor by an indigene of Muri (Gov. A. Barde of Gongola State) in 1979. He was also awarded order of the Federal Republic (OFR) by the Federal Government of Nigeria for his notable services. Lamido Umaru Abba was deposed in 1986.


    LAMIDO ABBAS b. TAFIDA NJIDDA MAFINDI (1988 – DATE)


    Lamido Abbas succeeded his uncle, Lamido Umaru Abba Tukur, 2 years after the latter’s deposition (1986) by Governor Yohanna Madaki of then Gongola State. Lamido Abbas is then grandson of Lamido Mafindi (9th Emir of Muri), son of Lamido Nya (Jatau) the founder of Jalingo. Abbas Tafida’s reign is one of the most remarkable among those of his predecessors in that he had stayed on the throne without the official installation for 18 yeas (1988 – 2006). Lamido Abbas reign has so far witnessed great achievements in Muri e.g creation of Taraba State with Headquarters in Jalingo, creation of more L.G.As within Muri, establishment of more schools (e.g. Centre for Excellence, Jalingo), support for orphans and widows, expansion of commercial activities and agriculture as well as youth empowerment through vocational skills acquisition and scholarship awards program. He has also being educating the people of Muri on public health particularly HIV/AIDS and National program on immunization.
    Lamido Abbas Tafida was born in 1953 at Jalingo. He attended Mohammadu Nya Primary School, Jalingo from 1961 – 67 after which he proceeded to the famous Government College Keffi and later A.B.U. Zaria where he graduated with a Bachelors Degree in Business Admin. In 1977. He had also attended a Post Graduate Diploma in Financial Management at the African Dev. Bank, Abidjan (1981 – 82) and Post Graduate Diploma in Chain Management at Green Beheld Smith and Co., London (1982 – 83).
    Alhaji Abbas Attended his National Service (NYSC) with the Kwara State Government (1977 – 1978) after which he joined Lever Brothers Nigeria. Ltd. (1978 - 1979). He also worked with the New Nigeria Development Company (NNDC) 1979 – 1983 and was appointed Managing Director of Nigeria Hotels (1983 – 1988) from where he was appointed the 12th Emir of Muri on 12th July, 1988. Lamido Abbas Tafida who is being installed (Thursday 25th January, 2006) is a man of principle and doughty philosophy that made him admired by his people. Above all, Lamido Abbas is well versed in Islamic Theology that made him place the fear of God first, in his dealings with people and in all endeavors.


    PICTURES OF EMIRS AND CHIEFS
    The 3rd Class Chief of Muri Emirate
    The following are former district of Muri Emirate which were upgraded to Chiefdom s (3rd class) by the Governor Jolly T. Nyame reforms on Chieftaincy in Taraba State, 2006.
    Chiefdom 3rd Class Chief
    1. Bakundi HRH Muhammadu Gidado Misa
    2. Dakka HRH Yusuf Manga Ganwari
    3. Gassol HRH Idris Yakubu Chiroma
    4. Kwajji HRH Buba Nyala
    5. Lau HRH Abubakar Umar Danburam
    6. Mummuye HRH Ado Adamu Mazang
    7. Mutum-Biyu HRH Suleiman Duna
    8. Old Muri HRH Abdullahi Chiroma
    9. Wurkum HRH Abubakar Haruna Karim


    FOR THE RECORDS
    1.Zing Chiefdom which was formally under Muri Emirate has in 2006 been upgraded to 1st Class Chief and the name of the ruler is His Royal Highness Alhaji Abbas Ibrahim Sambo.
    2. There are a total of 7 LGAs under today’s Muri Emirate viz:-Ardo-kola, Bali, Gassol, Jalingo, Karim-lamido,. Lau and Yorro LGAs.
    3. Alhaji Waziri Ibrahim Malle was the Wakilin Muri (1986-1988) after the deposition of lamido Umaru Abba Tukur.
    4. His Highness Alh. Nuhu Moh’d Bello (Sarkin Sansani – Gassol) and Hammadu Doubeli (Jauro Doubeli – Lau) are the oldest serving village heads having being appointed by Lamido Muhammadu Mafindi in 1952.
    5. The renown Professor of History, Abubakar Sa’ad who is the first Professor, Ambassador, in Muri, and is the son of former Wazirin Muri (Waziri Sa’adu Abubakar). He is also the author of Lamibe of Fombina.
    6. The resolution of Taraba State Government to officially install (staff of office) His Royal Highness Alhaji Abbas Njidda Tafida was pronounced during a an Id-el-ftr Sallah Durba at Kofar-Bai on 31st Dec., 2006.
    7. The first Executive Governor of Taraba State (Jolly T. Nyame) is a native of Muri Emirate.
    8. Lamido Abbas Njidda Tafida was appointed on 12th July,1988 by Governor David Jang (Military) of the defunct Gongola state.
    9. The late Lamido Umaru Abba Tukur was the first person to be appointed a cabinet Minister in the history of Muri Emirate.
    10. The first formal school in Muri is the Mohammadu Nya Primary School, Jalingo (founded 1926).
    11. The first females to be enrolled in Western Schooling system in Muri was Hajiya Hauwa Umar Yerima, Titi Makenzi, Hajiya Hurera Danburam and Hajiya Adamajam Yerima. They were enrolled at Mohammadu Nya Primary School Jalingo in 1940.