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Public Health Matters,Epidemiology and clinical Trials
  • [Editorial] Prospects for public health in a sustainable NHS

    Posted 2017-05-01 00:00:00 dun: Mahammad A. Tafida

    “A culture of short-termism seems to prevail in the NHS and adult social care.” With this opening statement, identifying a critical failing in current planning for England's National Health Service (NHS), the House of Lords Select Committee on the Long-Term Sustainability of the NHS last month launched its conclusions after almost a year of taking evidence from every part of the health service. Their main recommendation is to create a new Office for Health and Care Sustainability. But the most striking findings—and recommendations—concern public health: the opportunities to be seized, and the woeful failure to seize ...

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  • [Correspondence] Cost-effectiveness estimates: the need for complete reporting – Authors' reply

    Posted 2017-05-01 00:00:00 dun: Mahammad A. Tafida

    We thank James O'Mahony for his comments on our study.1 The strategies considered in our evaluation were pre-specified according to a Decision Analytic Protocol, which was developed by the Protocol Advisory Sub-Committee for Australia's Medical Services Advisory Committee (MSAC). The protocol included strategies that were more likely to be acceptable to women and providers, and therefore of greatest interest in Australian policy context. A 5-yearly interval for human papillomavirus (HPV)-based screening options was specified for the main ...

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  • [Correspondence] Cost-effectiveness estimates: the need for complete reporting

    Posted 2017-05-01 00:00:00 dun: Mahammad A. Tafida

    I read with interest Jie-Bin Lew and colleagues' study published in The Lancet Public Health.1 This study is an accomplished simulation analysis of the costs and effects of cervical screening for which Lew and colleagues should be commended for. I do, however, want to call attention to specific observations regarding the completeness of reporting within the ...

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  • [Articles] The effect of rapid privatisation on mortality in mono-industrial towns in post-Soviet Russia: a retrospective cohort study

    Posted 2017-04-11 22:30:51 dun: Mahammad A. Tafida

    The rapid pace of privatisation was a significant factor in the marked increase in working-age male mortality in post-Soviet Russia. By providing compelling evidence in support of the health benefits of a slower pace of privatisation, this study can assist policy makers in making informed decisions about the speed and scope of government ...

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  • [Comment] Privatisation and mortality in Russia

    Posted 2017-04-11 22:30:43 dun: Mahammad A. Tafida

    In studies of massive changes in social life, researchers often have to rely on low-quality retrospective data such as memoirs and manipulated government reports as opposed to reliable data such as vital registration. The dissolution of the Soviet Union in 1991 was an unpredictable event with large-scale consequences for the lives of millions of Russians. Beginning in the 1960s, the Soviet Union started to fall into a deep demographic crisis.1 The end of Communism was accompanied by a further increase in total mortality, with unprecedented fluctuations during the next two ...

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