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Orthopaedics, Orthopaedics Surgery, Sports medicine
  • spine injury AND (hasabstract[text] AND "last 5 years"[PDat]); +20 new citations

    Posted 2017-04-27 20:25:47 dun: Mahammad A. Tafida

    20 new pubmed citations were retrieved for your search. Click on the search hyperlink below to display the complete search results: spine injury AND (hasabstract[text] AND "last 5 years"[PDat]) These pubmed results were generated on 2017/04/27PubMed comprises more than millions of citations for biomedical literature from MEDLINE, life science journals, and online books. Citations may include links to full-text content from PubMed Central and publisher web ...

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  • spine injury AND (hasabstract[text] AND "last 5 years"[PDat]); +27 new citations

    Posted 2017-04-26 07:02:43 dun: Mahammad A. Tafida

    27 new pubmed citations were retrieved for your search. Click on the search hyperlink below to display the complete search results: spine injury AND (hasabstract[text] AND "last 5 years"[PDat]) These pubmed results were generated on 2017/04/26PubMed comprises more than millions of citations for biomedical literature from MEDLINE, life science journals, and online books. Citations may include links to full-text content from PubMed Central and publisher web ...

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  • Clinical significance of long-term follow-up of children with posttraumatic skull base fracture.

    Posted 2017-04-25 07:24:25 dun: Mahammad A. Tafida

    Related Articles Clinical significance of long-term follow-up of children with posttraumatic skull base fracture. World Neurosurg. 2017 Apr 19;: Authors: Leibu S, Rosenthal G, Shoshan Y, Benifla M Abstract BACKGROUND: To assess in children with skull base fractures, incidences of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) leak, meningitis, and the need for prophylactic antibiotics, anti-pneumococcal vaccination, and surgical interventions. METHODS: We reviewed the records of children with skull base fractures who were admitted to our tertiary care center during 2009-2014. RESULTS: 196 children (153 male) were hospitalized with skull base fractures, aged 1 month to 18 years (mean 6 ± 4 years). Causes of injury were falls (143), motor vehicle accidents (34), and other (19). Fracture locations were: middle skull base (112), frontal base (62), and occipital base (13). Fifty-four (28%) children had a CSF leak. For 34 of them (63%), spontaneous resolution occurred within 3 days. Three children were operated at admission due to a CSF leak from an open wound, 3 underwent CSF diversion by spinal drainage, and 4 (2%) required surgery to repair a dural tear after failure of continuous spinal drainage and acetazolamide treatment. Twenty-eight (14%) received prophylactic antibiotics, usually due to other injuries, while 11 received pneumococcal vaccination. Two children developed meningitis and three died. Long-term follow up in 124 children revealed 12 with delayed hearing loss and 3 with delayed facial paralysis. CONCLUSION: This is the largest pediatric series of skull base fractures reporting rates of morbidity and long term outcomes. The rate of meningitis following skull base fracture in children is low, supporting a policy of not administering prophylactic antibiotics or pneumococcal vaccine. Long-term follow up is important to identify delayed complications. PMID: 28433849 [PubMed - as supplied by ...

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  • Supraspinal respiratory plasticity following acute cervical spinal cord injury.

    Posted 2017-04-25 07:24:25 dun: Mahammad A. Tafida

    Related Articles Supraspinal respiratory plasticity following acute cervical spinal cord injury. Exp Neurol. 2017 Apr 19;293:181-189 Authors: Bezdudnaya T, Marchenko V, Zholudeva LV, Spruance VM, Lane MA Abstract Impaired breathing is a devastating result of high cervical spinal cord injuries (SCI) due to partial or full denervation of phrenic motoneurons, which innervate the diaphragm - a primary muscle of respiration. Consequently, people with cervical level injuries often become dependent on assisted ventilation and are susceptible to secondary complications. However, there is mounting evidence for limited spontaneous recovery of respiratory function following injury, demonstrating the neuroplastic potential of respiratory networks. Although many studies have shown such plasticity at the level of the spinal cord, much less is known about the changes occurring at supraspinal levels post-SCI. The goal of this study was to determine functional reorganization of respiratory neurons in the medulla acutely (>4h) following high cervical SCI. Experiments were conducted in decerebrate, unanesthetized, vagus intact and artificially ventilated rats. In this preparation, spontaneous recovery of ipsilateral phrenic nerve activity was observed within 4 to 6h following an incomplete, C2 hemisection (C2Hx). Electrophysiological mapping of the ventrolateral medulla showed a reorganization of inspiratory and expiratory sites ipsilateral to injury. These changes included i) decreased respiratory activity within the caudal ventral respiratory group (cVRG; location of bulbospinal expiratory neurons); ii) increased proportion of expiratory phase activity within the rostral ventral respiratory group (rVRG; location of inspiratory bulbo-spinal neurons); iii) increased respiratory activity within ventral reticular nuclei, including lateral reticular (LRN) and paragigantocellular (LPGi) nuclei. We conclude that disruption of ...

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